Grains of Glass

An open studio for enamel artists worldwide

Torch Firing - Chapter #11


Torch Firing - Chapter #11

The technique of fusing glass enamel onto metal with the use of an Acetylene, Propane, or Natural Gas torch.

Members: 102
Latest Activity: Mar 15

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Chris Hierholzer






Ann Havel

Discussion Forum

Torch Fired Cloisonne on Silver 9 Replies

I am Lillian Jones, an Enamelist in Raleigh, North Carolina. This is a tutorial lifted from my blog at, and my website is…Continue

Tags: Jones, Lillian, Cloisonne, Fired, Torch

Started by Lillian Jones. Last reply by ritu sangal Mar 15.



Tags: sgraffito, Hierholzer, gold, foil, tutorials

Started by Trish White. Last reply by chris hierholzer Apr 13, 2014.

TORCH FIRED ENAMEL #4 - CLOISONNÉ TUTORIAL - by Chris Hierholzer 26 Replies


Tags: hierholzer, torch, fire, cloisonné, -

Started by Trish White. Last reply by chris hierholzer Mar 23, 2014.

Studio Set-up 20 Replies

My set-up is by no means the 'best' way to set-up a torch firing space; but, given how little information is out there on torch firing, I thought I would share what I have.  The first picture is my enameling and firing station set-up. I am planning…Continue

Tags: set-up, studio, torchfiring, firing, torch

Started by Tonya Powell. Last reply by Tonya Powell Jan 25, 2014.

Earring posts 3 Replies

Hi all - Looking for advice/help. I have a commission to do 2 sets of enameled earrings that are post-type. I've tried to solder, then enamel, but the sterling silver post can't take the heat and melts off. FYI-am using a torch to fire my enamel…Continue

Tags: earring, posts, findings, enameling, firing

Started by Amy Iversen. Last reply by Trish White Dec 11, 2013.

TORCH FIRED ENAMEL #2- GRAPHITE - TUTORIAL - Chris Hierholzer 21 Replies


Tags: grahphite, Hierholzer

Started by Trish White. Last reply by Kimberly Nogueira Jul 4, 2013.

TORCH FIRED ENAMEL #3 - INLAYED OPAQUE - by Chris Hierholzer 8 Replies


Tags: torch, Hierholzer, opaque, inlay, enamels

Started by Trish White. Last reply by chris hierholzer Apr 4, 2013.

Thompsons Leaded Enamels for Raku Effect

From Schlaifers Enamel web site - sent in by Pam TimmI have found that in order to manipulate the "silver glass" or Double Helix brand glass you need to use a reducing flame - meaning low oxygen - in order to get the desired effect. If the flame is…Continue

Tags: Thompsons, firing, torch, Raku

Started by Trish White Dec 9, 2012.

Torch firing article in Glass on metal Magazine. 1 Reply

In the issue Volume 31, No. 1 Februar 2011  an article is printed in question "Torch firing Enamel", An Easy, Affordable Way to Enamel for Beginners and Experienced Enamelers, by Tom Ellis.Glass on Metal is worldwide the only enamel- magazine . It…Continue

Started by Edmund J. Massow. Last reply by chris hierholzer Mar 14, 2012.

Torchfiring Large Scale Outdoor Sculpture 1 Reply

Hi All,I have been asked by the local city beautification comittee to enamel a school of fish that will be installed over a dry creekbed running through a garden space. It is a very exciting opportunity and I am looking forward to preparing the…Continue

Started by Pamela (Pam) B. Wilson. Last reply by chris hierholzer Mar 9, 2012.

Comment Wall


You need to be a member of Torch Firing - Chapter #11 to add comments!

Comment by Jelena Petrovic on March 14, 2015 at 1:53pm

Thank you everyone for sharing your experience.  

Comment by Billie Anne Satchell on March 14, 2015 at 1:50pm

Jelena, From my experience, it depends on which torch fired enameling technique you are doing.

I use a Smith air/acetylene torch when firing from underneath, one side is enameled at a time. You can only use air/acetylene on fired enamel so you sift 1 side and fire from underneath then flip it over, clean that side, sift enamel then fire. You can use any of the fuels (MAPP, Propane, Butane) for this method.

For the immersion method that Barbara Lewis teaches I use a HotHead hand held torch with MAPP gas.

When making beads over a copper tubing base, MAPP gas gives the truest colors, Propane burns/muddies the colors.

Comment by Barbara Lewis on March 14, 2015 at 10:58am

I have a oxy/propane lampworking torch and I love the fact that it's stationary ... and the metal moves around.  I'm usually enameling something with a hole, so I use a mandrel.  But if I'm enameling something without a hole, Eugenia Chan's torch-firing basket is perfect. Imagine a trivet on a handle.  It just goes to show that within the realm of torch-fired enameling, most of us are using affordable equipment and getting great results. :-) 

Comment by mary lyons on March 14, 2015 at 10:36am

I use propane and oxygen.  I'm also a glass bead maker and for the truest colors in glass, oxy/propane is the way to go.  However, I already had this set up in place.  The only change I make is to swap out my bench burner for a hand held torch when I torch enamel.  The hand held gives me a lot of mobility when aiming the flame at different areas of the piece.  When I took a torch enameling workshop it was at a metals studio and we used an acetylene torch with good results.  Acetylene is dirtier than propane though.  As Linda posted, MAPP gas will also get the job done.  Your choice depends on how much you want to invest in a torch and your studio situation.

Comment by Linda Rheault on March 14, 2015 at 10:15am

 Jelena Petrovic, Use MAPP gas. 

Comment by Jelena Petrovic on March 14, 2015 at 5:12am


Can someone please help me.

Which gas is used for torch fire enameling?

Which is the cleanest?

Thank you.

Comment by Barbara Lewis on November 2, 2014 at 1:28pm

Hi all, I'm glad to be a member of the torch-firing group and am excited to learn from you all!  The immersion technique that I teach is a little different than most methods in that we heat the metal first (without cleaning it ... gasp!) and while the enamel is hot, we dredge the piece through enamel.  Once you get the piece covered in enamel, the ways to decorate it can be only limited by one's imagination ... which sometimes can be intimidating!  Think of the blank canvas and the first stroke of the paint brush! 

Comment by Candy Smith on January 25, 2012 at 2:49pm

Jean, you set a good example and offer a way to implement it, a great service for all of us! Hope the other teachers take note!

Comment by Jean Van Brederode on January 25, 2012 at 1:49pm

As an enameling instructor at art retreats, I always offer dust masks to my students and encourage them to use them.  I think it is important not only for safety reasons, but also to set an example for future enamelists in the group that protecting themseles against toxic inhalents is of utmost importance.  Unfortunately, other teachers do not offer them to their classes or even mention the need for dust masks!

Comment by Candy Smith on January 25, 2012 at 11:53am

Many thanks, Erin and Chris!

The safety aspects of a new art are so very important and hearing from the experienced artist is very helpful. Working in a studio with others , I am perhaps more aware than most of doing my best to keep us all healthy. Thanks again!












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April 18 – 19, 2015, Callenwolde Fine Arts Center, Atlanta, GA. Some Like it Hot: Torch-fired Enamels.

May 29 – 31, 2015, Pullen Art Center, Raleigh, NC. Some Like it Hot: Torch-fired Enamels.

June 1 - 6, 2015, Tennessee Tech/Appalachian Center for Craft, Cookeville, TN. Enamel & Setting as Equal Partners.

June 18 – 20, 2015, The Grass Roots Gallery, Rochester, NY. Enamel & Setting as Equal Partners.

July 26 – 31, 2015, John Campbell Folk School, Brasstown, NC. In the Line of Fire: Torch-fired Enameling.

August 15 & 16, 2015, Fuller Craft Museum, Brockton, MA. Some Like it Hot: Torch-fired Enamels.

August 21 – 23, 2015, Littleton Studio School, Littleton, NH. Enamel & Setting as Equal Partners.  (full)



March 21-22 

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Metalwerx, Waltham, Ma



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Creative Side Jewelry Academy, Austin, Texas



May 9-10

Snow Farm, Williamsburg, MA



June 22-28


Jean Tudor

Raku-fired enamels

June 22nd-28th, 2015

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Grunewald Guild, Leavenworth, WA





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SNAG Conference Boston - May 20-23, 2015 
Powder Coat Necklace
Michael Dale Bernard

The Society of North American Goldsmiths is hosting their 44th annual conference right here in Boston.  This event presents an exciting selection of speakers, exhibitions, and demonstrations over 4 days.  In conjunction with the conference, Metalwerx will host an Open House as part of the SNAG "Gallery Hop" on the afternoon of May 23rd, and scheduled three workshops:
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View and print the new brochure in color (PDF 14MB) or in black & white (PDF 6.4MB).

Pasadena Bead & Design Show begins 10am Thursday, January 15th, and goes through Sunday the 18th.

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Liza Nechamkin -

hand spun copper and fine silver bowls - hand made chasing tools.


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Most colors in stock 10% discount to GOG Members
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Use Etsy code gog10 at checkout

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Contact: Jean Van Brederode, Thompson distributor

Phone: 717-919-7444




A dvd using a rare and beautifull technique that chris hierholzer has developed using sgrafitto with fine gold foil using a torch to fire instead of a kiln. the enamel is wet packed. it has lots of intructional and easy to read text and limited audio with optional torch set ups at the end.

 Torch firing is a perfect way to fire enamels for those with limited space and can't afford the high cost of a kiln.

click on: Ganoksin

or order through:

 coral shaffer
enamelwork supply co.
1 800 596 3257
1 206 525 9271



Thompson's Vintage

Milton Bridge


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Pam East's Enameling on Silver Clay DVD


Hauser & Miller Inc.

Hauser and MillerBi-metal Sheet and Discs


A layer of 18k gold alloy with a rich yellow color or 22k gold alloy with a bright yellow color is bonded with sterling silver to form two distinct surfaces. The 18k gold layer is similar to that of most gold-filled products, while the 22k is two to three times thicker than gold-filled, giving it more workability. Surface treatments, such as engraving, scraping, folding, and twisting, can be used to accent the two surfaces.


Contact us: Hauser & Miller, 1-800-462-7447,


A Safe Way to Pickle!




DVD by Jim Lawson

Lapidary Journal


2012 Jewelers Guide to Treated and Created Gems





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